Waterbury, CT Profile: Facts & Data


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Waterbury, Connecticut - Basic Facts

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The City of Waterbury is the 5th largest city in Connecticut with a population of 114,173 as of July 1, 2022. Waterbury ranks in the upper quartile for Population Density and Diversity Index when compared to the other cities, towns and Census Designated Places (CDPs) in Connecticut. See peer rankings below.

The primary coordinate point for Waterbury is located at latitude 41.5582 and longitude -73.0515 in New Haven County. The formal boundaries for the City of Waterbury encompass a land area of 28.52 sq. miles and a water area of 0.42 sq. miles. New Haven County is in the Eastern time zone (GMT -5). The elevation is 272 feet.

The City of Waterbury has a C1 Census Class Code which indicates an active incorporated place that does not serve as a county subdivision equivalent. It also has a Functional Status Code of "A" which identifies an active government providing primary general-purpose functions.

The City of Waterbury is located within Town of Waterbury, a minor civil division (MCD) of New Haven County.

Alternate Unofficial Names for Waterbury: Forest City, The Brass City.

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  1. Waterbury 2022 Demographic Data
  2. Growth Rates for Waterbury (Historical & 5-Year Forecast)
  3. Peer Comparisons (Rank and Percentile)
  1. Neighborhoods Demographics (Home Values, Household Income, etc.)
  2. Connecticut Research Tools (Easy Tools & Current Data)
  3. Connecticut Data Comparison Tool - 2022 Demographics

Waterbury, CT Data & Demographics (As of July 1, 2022)


Total Population 114,173 (100%)
Population in Households 112,463 (98.5%)
Population in Families 88,055 (77.1%)
Population in Group Quarters1 1,710 ( 1.5%)
Population Density 4,004
Diversity Index2 86


Median Household Income $42,419
Average Household Income $63,260
% of Income for Mortgage4 19%
Per Capita Income $24,676
Wealth Index5 45


Total HU (Housing Units) 48,477 (100%)
Owner Occupied HU 18,393 (37.9%)
Renter Occupied HU 26,009 (53.7%)
Vacant Housing Units 4,075 ( 8.4%)
Median Home Value $153,889
Average Home Value $189,295
Housing Affordability Index3 89


Total Households 44,402
Average Household Size 2.53
Family Households 27,745
Average Family Size 3.00
  1. Group Quarters - a place where people live or stay in a group living arrangement. Includes college residents halls, nursing facilities, military barracks, and correctional facilities.
  2. The Diversity Index is a scale of 0 to 100 that represents the likelihood that two persons, chosen at random from the same area, belong to different races or ethnic groups. If an area's entire population belongs to one race AND one ethnic group, then the area has zero diversity. An area's diversity index increases to 100 when the population is evenly divided into two or more race/ethnic groups.
  3. The Housing Affordability Index base is 100 and represents a balance point where a resident with a median household income can normally qualify to purchase a median price home. Values above 100 indicate increased affordability, while values below 100 indicate decreased affordability.
  4. The % of Income for Mortgage quantifies the percentage of median household income dedicated to mortgage payments on a home priced at the median value (assuming a 30-year mortgage and a 20% down payment).
  5. The Wealth Index is based on a number of indicators of affluence including average household income and average net worth, but it also includes the value of material possessions and resources. It represents the wealth of the area relative to the national level. Values above or below 100 represent above-average wealth or below-average wealth compared to the national level.


2020-2022 2022-2027
Population -0.09% -0.01%
Households -0.02% 0.04%
Families   -0.01%
Median Household Income   3.36%
Per Capita Income   2.63%
Owner Occupied HU   0.49%

Waterbury, CT - Peer Comparisons by Rank and Percentile

The table below compares Waterbury to the other 215 incorporated cities, towns and CDPs in Connecticut by rank and percentile using July 1, 2022 data. The location Ranked # 1 has the highest value. A location that ranks higher than 75% of its peers would be in the 75th percentile of the peer group.

Variable Description Rank Percentile
Total Population # 5 98th
Population Density # 18 92nd
Median Household Income # 209 3rd
Housing Affordability Index # 54 25th
Per Capita Income # 210 3rd
Diversity Index # 3 99th

Additional comparisons and rankings can be made with a VERY EASY TO USE Connecticut Census Data Comparison Tool.

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